Blog 2: Closing Statement

Members of the jury this case boils to evidence and testimony. I am here to ask you whether you will use the evidence presented to reach a verdict, or rather hearsay delivered in this courtroom today. What is the evidence? We know that the state has failed to deliver any medical evidence connecting Tom Robinson to the crime. We are also aware of the fact that the state’s Chief witness, Mayella Ewell, was beaten by an individual who has functionality of both hands and greater control of the left. And yet we have charged, and are bringing, a man who cannot be placed at the scene of the crime nor has the function of his left hand to question. What the defense has successfully done, however, is present two witnesses who have failed to bring coherent testimonies to the events of the crime when compared to the information given to us by the State’s Chief witness, Mayella Ewell. I ask once again; will you use evidence or testimony to reach a decision?

Tom Robinson stands before you, charged on the basis of a stereotype, the basic assumption that all black men are dangerous. And yet Tom Robinson is a kind hearted man, all he ever did was help Mayella because he felt sorry for her. Mayella Ewell is fragile, ignorant and a victim of manipulation. Who would not feel sorry for her?

I do not want to be part of a courtroom that does not believe that a black man has the capacity to feel, not just feel, but feel like a young ignorant and helpless woman deserves compassion. And that is all Tom Robinson did, he had a sense of compassion and humanity. When I look at Mayella Ewell I see a helpless and unfortunate woman, a woman in need of help. Does the color of Tom Robinson’s skin blind him from her misfortune? The state has continued to play to the exhibition that black men are dangerous and expect the court to do the same. Their case is based on the assumption that no black man has the ability to feel because all they are capable of is violence. Dare I say that in many ways Tom Robinson is similar to you and me – he feels. And just like you and I would, he felt for Mayella.

This brave black man is willing to stand and fight for what is right, he is willing to stand for honesty even though it may be difficult because of our societal norms. He stands here in a courtroom filled with jurors who are more similar to the two men who lied on the stand just to see Tom Robinson pay for a crime he did not commit. I admire Tom, he is willing to stand for what we believe in as a community. He stands for honesty; he will not make a mockery of the court nor will he do what would be easier – accepting what the state considers to be his fate. Because in what world can the word of a white man be overruled by that of a black man? In a world I strive to live in, the word of an honest man will always overrule that of a dishonest one.

Once again I will ask: today, will you allow justice to be based on hearsay or evidence?

Work Cited:
To Kill a Mockingbird. Dir. Robert Mulligan. By Horton Foote. Perf. Gregory Peck, Mary Badham, and Philip Alford. Universal International, 1962. Web. 10 Sept 2016.

Blog Assignment 2: Closing Statement

              At this moment, gentlemen of the jury, I ask you to understand the evidence as presented to you. This courthouse is filled to the brim of judging eyes, yes, but do not let this alarm you. Do not see this case as two white people’s words against a black man. Do not see this case as a calling for social reform. Do not dwell on the color of my defendant’s skin, the social class he was born into. The evidence, in its purest form, shows that a woman was assaulted. Violently, for that matter. It is only a question of who, the evidence presented today has made it quite obvious.

              Bob Ewell, testified that the attacker predominantly led with the left hand. His observation of the choke marks, bruises, and other signs of violence blatantly show this. Rather uncommon, yes, which makes it so important. It is generally inferred that there are less people that are left hand dominant than right hand. Wonderful. Now, when prompted to write a simple request on my notebook here, Mr. Ewell wrote with his left. Quite neatly, too. But that’s not all. Mr. Ewell is not known to be sober often. Mayella Ewell unfortunately knows this too well as she is often the receiving end of this drunken rage. I ask you to think about this. Examine and connect the evidence that is here alone.

              My defendant, Mr. Tom Robison, is in fact the victim of this scenario. No not Mayella Ewell as you might have imagined. Everyday, Mr. Robinson walks past the Ewell’s home. And more often than not, there is a task asked of him. To be a good neighbor, he decides to help Ms. Mayella break down a chifferobe, cut the firewood, mend some . Mr. Robinson only was trying to help as a sensible young man would. Yet when he tried to aid Ms. Ewell, he was yanked from the very chair he was standing on. Then kissed. Not two seconds after Tom Robinson was sprinting out the door.

How can he be at fault for something he never stayed to commit? But this is not the only compelling evidence. My defendant cannot use any motor function in his left hand. The very hand that claimed to beat and strangle Mayella Ewell. All motor control was taken from him when his arm was swallowed up by a machine. If he cannot catch a lightweight object? How is he to strangle and beat a young white woman?

              Gentlemen of the jury, I ask you to consider this evidence. Apply it to the situation. Observe it with colorblindness and an open mind. For god’s sake this is America. Land of the free. Home of the brave. My client is brave. To help a white woman as a black man is a dangerous task. But set my client free. Serve your country by letting the guilty be punished. Let the real culprit of this awful act of violence feel the force of the justice system.

Blog #2- To Kill a Mockingbird Atticus Finch Closing Statement

Gentleman, I stand before you today to make a point that has already has been made clear to you throughout the entirety of this trial; Tom Robinson is innocent and did not rape Mayella Ewell. This trial show never have even occurred because the plaintiffs did not supply the jury with any evidence suggesting that Tom Robinson could have been a culprit of beating and raping Mayella Ewell. Additionally, there is nothing in Tom Robinson’s trial that can be disputed while the testimony given by the Ewells was contradictory and was very uncertain. While it may not be socially accepted to treat the honest testimony of a black man at least equal to the clearly faulty and contradictory testimony given by Mayella and Bob Ewell, this is what needs to be done to bring justice back to the defendant’s life. According to the plaintiff’s testimony, Mayella Ewell was brutally beaten primarily on her right side and considering Mrs. Ewell stated that she was looking directly at the perpetrator when she was being attacked, the culprit must have led with his left hand, something that Tom Robinson is physically unable to do. While I do believe Mayella was brutally beaten, and there is evidence of this, the culprit could not have been Tom Robinson, but rather another man sitting before us. Tom Robinson is a humble and gentle man that did so much as to feel sorry for a white woman and as a result, he is being accused of committing a crime that is unspeakable for a man that constantly went out of his way to help a white woman. While the subject of rape is very touchy and I do not want to put blame on Mayella Ewell, I cannot go so far as allowing her and Mr. Ewell to lie about the victim, something they solemnly swore not to do. I cannot acquit Mayella of lying simply because she does not want to deal with the fact that she kissed a black man. Unfortunately, she has been placed in a society where it is unacceptable for a white woman to kiss a black man. It should be encouraged or at least acceptable for someone to kiss whoever he or she wants regardless of skin color so Tom Ferguson should not need to be blamed for committing a crime to cover for someone else’s insecurity. As of now, Tom Ferguson has been put in a spot where he cannot win unless a jury who can treat all people equal agrees to acquit Tom Ferguson of a crime that he could not have done if he wanted to. Fortunately we have just that jury in front of us so for justice’s sake, acquit Tom Ferguson. The only possible way for Tom Ferguson to get convicted is if you, the jury, completely reject the testimony that has been given to you so I implore you to do your duty and return order and justice to your community and to Tom Robinson’s life.

Works Cited

To Kill a Mockingbird. Dir. Robert Mulligan. By Horton Foote. Perf. Gregory Peck, Mary Badham, and Phillip Alford. Universal-International, 1962. Web (Netflix). 13 Sept. 2016.

Blog Two: Saving Tom Robinson and Changing the World (Atticus Finch’s closing argument revamped)

     Gentlemen of the jury, I stand in front of you today as your peer. I, like you, am a member of this community concerned about Mayella Ewell’s safety and demand justice be served. However, the justice I am demanding stretches further than the one incident we are discussing in this courtroom; I demand justice for all, including our neighbors who we tend not to acknowledge as our neighbors. Tom Robinson is our neighbor- he is a member of this community and has been accused of hurting Mayella when he was helping her, as any good neighbor would do. The color of Tom’s skin does not exclude him as a beneficial member of our community and it surely does not make him responsible for wiping up the mess that has been made.

*Looks towards Mayella*

     I cannot say that I would do or say anything different if I were in Mayella’s shoes. With a community so certain that a mere skin pigmentation makes one evil and unaccepted, how could she let the town believe she tempted poor Tom? The difference still is that I could not have let guilt take me this far. Fueled and feared over threats from her father, Bob Ewell, Mayella is attempting to sacrifice another human being’s life to save her own. She should not feel like she has to do this, therefore, we should not allow it.

     We have all been here for this trial. You gentlemen heard both sides of this story with the same human ears that I posses myself and you know that there is not a piece of evidence worthy of charging this man. All Tom offered was a helping hand- his only good one, at that- and we cannot let him go down for this. If you cannot look past your personal emotions and prejudices to make a reasonable decision in this case, you should not have allowed yourself to be a part of this. If you are unwilling to stand up for what is right, in fear of social consequences, you should not be a member of this jury. And if you came here knowing you would convict Tom, no matter how the trial went, justice will never be served…progress will never be made.

     The Ewells’ testimonies never lined up. You do not have to remember the truth; truth comes naturally and the expression of aggression and hysteria, as Mayella has shown during questioning, comes from her guilt over the lies she has told. The fact that Tom can still feel pity for her is astonishing to us all, and he is a brave man for that. We may not believe it is right for Tom to feel sorry for Mayella, but all he ever did was help her out of the kindness within himself. Stubbornness and ignorance cannot right any wrongs. Knowledge, reason, and justice are what will make this right. I know I am not alone; we share these values and though our approaches may be different, we ultimately desire the same outcome. Not everything can be swept under the rug and we cannot shy away from the reality of the situation. A man’s entire life is at stake here. Now, imagine if that were you- born into the wrong situation. We are all Tom Robinson. It should have never come to this, but now is the time to right the wrongs. Thank you, gentlemen of the jury.

Works Cited

To Kill a Mockingbird. Dir. Robert Mulligan. By Horton Foote. Perf. Gregory Peck, Mary Badham, and Phillip Alford. Universal-International, 1962. Web (Netflix). 13 Sept. 2016.

To Kill a Mockingbird: Defending Tom Robinson

You have all heard the testimony given by Mayella Ewell, and her father. It’s truly a shame what happened to her that day. However, much of it simply isn’t true. I mean, she was clearly beaten, but there is no tangible evidence here to suggest Tom Robinson is the man that did it. Medical examinations indicate Mayella was struck by a man’s left hand. Poor Tom has entirely no use of his left hand. Although, someone was in contact with Mayella that evening that is primarily left-handed: Robert Ewell. One might wonder if that is perhaps a coincidence, or if there is more to this story than was told in their father-daughter tale. Nevertheless, Tom Robinson is not to blame for this. When I asked Mayella if Tom struck her face, she ceased to recall the incident to have happened indefinitely. If Mayella isn’t entirely sure what transpired on that day, how could there not be reasonable doubt? She may be a victim here, but so is Tom.

What would you do if you were Tom, walking home after work and you noticed Mayella Ewell in need of assistance. Would you have taken the risk to do her a kindness that day? Maybe once or twice, sure, you’re good people. But time and time again, for absolutely no payment whatsoever? And despite being poor and hungry? I fail to recognize many individuals capable of such selflessness. It’s astonishing that someone who has been through that kind of oppression could still be so considerate of Mayella’s circumstances. It speaks volumes of his character and integrity. I whole-heartily believe this world is a better place for having Tom Robinson in it, and we all are truly lucky to have someone like him in our community.

Now how about if you imagine that you are the one on trial. You know you’re innocent, but the deck feels as if it is stacked against you. How would you be feeling right now? Alone? Afraid? And for what? The only thing Tom Robinson is guilty of is being in the wrong place at the wrong time, and for having shown a considerable amount of sympathy for someone that is here proving why she didn’t deserve it in the first place.

Have you asked yourselves: why have we all gathered here today? If you did, the answer surely wouldn’t be “for justice.” Justice doesn’t depend on Tom Robinson to be found innocent, or guilty. Justice simply cannot occur in this courtroom today because the wrong man is on trial. The real reason we are all here today is to identify the truth. It was my job to help guide you towards such a truth, and in doing so, I have conveyed the authenticity of Tom Robinson’s unfortunate circumstances. I believe you see the truth here today. I believe you see Tom for who he is. Not as a negro man, but just as a man. You see him as a kind and considerate man. You see him as a family man. You see Tom Robinson as a son to a loving father, and as a husband to a loving wife. You see him, gentleman, as an innocent man. Now let Tom see you for who you are. If nothing else, do as he has done countless times before, and extend your hand to him.


Work Cited

To Kill a Mockingbird. Dir. Robert Mulligan. By Horton Foote. Perf. Gregory Peck, Mary Badham, and Phillip Alford. Universal-International, 1962.

Blog Post 2: To Kill a Mockingbird Closing Arguments

The task that the court has been given is to determine the innocence or guilt of Mr. Tom Robinson. Mr. Robinson is accused of raping Ms. Mayella Ewell. The evidence given in this trial should be enough for you gentlemen to acquit Mr. Robinson.

Look over at poor Mayella. She looks terrified. When she was giving her testimony she was shaking. How could you not feel pity for her? I feel pity for her. And that is the only crime that Mr. Robinson committed. He had the audacity to feel sorry for a white woman. He walked by her house every evening and saw her working hard to care for all of those children and he felt bad for her. She asked him if he could help her and he accepted. He kindly helped her break down the chiffarobe in her yard. Mr. Robinson is a kind compassionate young man who was doing his duty in society as a good young man. If it were any of you men who had been asked I am sure you would have done the same thing.

The arguments in this case against Mr. Robinson are based on circumstantial evidence alone. Mayella and Bob present us with two somewhat contradicting stories of what occurred that evening. However they were both accusing Mr. Robinson of rape. Mr. Robinson’s story contradicts the both of theirs and maintains his innocence. Honestly it is their word against his. That evening I was not there, the judge was not there, you twelve were not there, so how can any one of us make a judgment about what happened based off of the stories alone.

At this point I would say we should look at the physical evidence. However the state failed to report any medical evidence from the event. Mayella did walk away pretty beat up, however it was clear that her injuries came from someone who had ample use of both of their arms, which we learned Mr. Robinson does not. The accident with the cotton gin in his past has rendered his left arm almost totally useless. The only physical evidence that we have in this case should leave you with utter doubts about Mr. Robinson’s physical ability to carry out the heinous act that they are accusing him of.

Your role as a juror is to look at the evidence presented to you in this trial and decide if Mr. Robinson is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. Whether you believe Mayella and Bob’s stories or not, there is no way you can look me in the eye and tell me that you do not have some doubts as to whether or not Mr. Robinson could have physically carried out this attack. That doubt is what I would say is more than enough evidence to require an innocent verdict.

Maycomb County is a place that I call home. It is the place where I have chosen to raise my two children. I believe it to be a beautiful place made up of reasonable men like you. I so deeply believe in the ability of the justice system to do what is right. I believe in you twelve men to acquit Mr. Robinson.


Works Cited:

To Kill a Mockingbird. Dir. Robert Mulligan. By Horton Foote. Perf. Gregory Peck, Mary Badham, and Phillip Alford. Universal-International, 1962. Online. Netflix. Web. 10 Sept. 2016.


Blog Entry #2: A Final Defense of Tom Robinson

Esteemed gentlemen, a tragedy has befallen Maycomb County. But not for the reason we think. We are here because Tom Robinson has been accused of rape, against a young white woman no less. But in this court, against the Bible upon which they swore they would tell the truth — someone has told a lie.

We have learned that Miss Ewell was very clearly beaten about the right side of her face, which must have been done by an individual who favored their left. She claims that Tom Robinson, who lost use of his left hand in his boyhood, who swore upon the Bible with the only hand he could, his right, had beaten her so savagely about the right side of her face and raped her. And yet, there has not been a single shred of medical evidence to prove that a rape took place, nor would it have been possible for Tom Robinson to beat her with his left hand. No, the only evidence provided was testimony. Testimonies that fail to line up or show how Tom Robinson could have been possibly involved, if at all.

Quite simply, we are here for another reason entirely. Guilt. Guilt because young Mayella Ewell kissed Tom Robinson. No law was broken, just an ingrained tradition. But still a shame, apparently, to our society. So much so that young Mayella Ewell would go as far as to claim rape, to drive away the source of her guilt. Guilt because Tom Robinson would pass by her home twice everyday and every time he did, she would be reminded of the shame and the humiliation of having kissed a black man. Now, it isn’t that people don’t do things they regret, especially young people. But to go as far as to condemn a man for a crime he never committed to erase the memory of mistake is deplorable. And Mayella Ewell’s supposed guilt was not a memory for her. He is an actual human being. Tom Robinson. Miss Ewell seeks to shrug off her guilt on an innocent man. A man who has done nothing but work diligently everyday, tip his hat as he passes by, and help out others without asking for a thing in return. We are sitting here today because a person felt guilt so intolerable and had such little responsibility for their own actions, that they thought condemning an innocent person would absolve them of their sin. Would finally relieve them of that heavy guilt weighing on their conscience.

People are not to be treated as toys or tools. Black or white, we are all human. Humans are not disposable, regardless of color. We do not exist to cater to the whims and fancies of others as sacrificial lambs. Lives are not to be trifled with. Despite this, Mayella Ewell has put Tom Robinson, innocent man, before this court, falsely accusing him of a crime he never committed to ease her guilty conscience. But I ask you jurors, are you willing to condemn Tom Robinson and go home to your families with that same guilt weighing on your shoulders? Knowing that you have torn an innocent man away from his family?

In these courts, “all men are created equal.” Every human is entitled to justice. It is up to you gentlemen to deliver it.

Works Cited:

To Kill A Mockingbird. Dir. Robert Mulligan. By Horton Foote. Perf. Gregory Peck, Mary Badham, and Phillip Alford. Universal Studios, 1962. Netflix. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2016.

Blog 2: Closing Argument

Gentlemen of the jury- you all know why you’re here. You know why I’m here, you know why the defendant is here, you know why all of these spectators are here. The purpose of today’s trial is for you to decide which one of the parties in question- Tom Robinson or Mayella Ewell- is telling you the honest truth, and which one is lying. I ask that right now, you put your prejudices aside and look at the facts. I understand the pressure being put on you today in this room full of people awaiting a decision. I felt the same way when I was asked to take this case. But please, I beg of you, ignore the colors and listen to the stories, and there you will find the truth.

You all know my history of remaining unbiased in the face of justice. I can assure you that I would not be standing here defending this man, pleading to you to realize the truth, if I did not believe that he is innocent. Obviously the testimonies conflict; everyone in this room can understand that. The challenge is deciding which one is true. Consider the accounts told today. The doctor very clearly, and certainly, stated that Miss Ewell had bruises on the right side of her face. Both she herself and her father confirmed that. And yet the only way for all of those abrasions to occur would be if someone predominantly left handed was abusing her, and as you all saw, Tom Robinson is incapable of doing anything with his left arm, certainly not beating up Mayella as she claimed he did. There is simply no way to justify this. It is impossible for a man with no muscle movement in his left arm to violently beat up a woman down the right side of her body. Listen to your intuition, gentlemen. You know I speak the truth. The question of domestic abuse is not one that concerns us today, but understand that there are clear signs to who actually beat up Mayella. Furthermore, none of the involved parties have evidence that an incident such as this ever occurred. In the court of law, a defendant is not supposed to be convicted without evidence beyond doubt, and yet here, there is no evidence of any crime at all except for the testimonies. If this case involved two white men, ask yourselves- who would you believe? The prosecutor, whose testimony was shaky, unstable, incomplete, and questionable at best, considering their refusal to answer questions relating to the case when prompted; or the defendant, whose testimony was admittedly shaky, due to the sensitivity of the topic, but clear in intentions as well as complete, including every piece of the story among many details, with the ability to answer any and all questions asked in question of said story. Simply put, one of these people was confident and convincing in their testimony, and the other seemed as if she couldn’t even convince herself that the story she was reciting was true.

Everyone in here has a good idea of what happened that night. Due to the unrelenting guilt Miss Mayella Ewell felt after blatantly breaking one of our society’s strongest unwritten rules, she felt lost and thought she had no choice but to distance herself from her “attacker” as much as possible by putting him behind bars. I urge you, gentlemen, to feel pity for this young girl, who has been abused by someone near to her and felt as if she could do nothing but blame someone unrelated and innocent. She came to this court with what she thought was a believable story in the hopes that we could eliminate her guilt by getting this man out of her sights. Sympathize with her. But do not allow her to win. By convincing you all that she is a victim, she wins and will be set free when she should be the one being punished.

You all know who is innocent here. Do not convict him to save yourselves from societal pressures, for then you will also feel guilty, but rather for wrongdoing a man who never deserved any of this.

Works Cited:

To Kill a Mockingbird. Dir. Robert Mulligan. By Horton Foote. Perf. Gregory Peck, Mary Badham, and Phillip Alford. Universal-International, 1962.

Blog Assignment 2: Defending Tom Robinson

Now, before I begin, I urge you to set aside your prejudices for Tom Robinson and to see him as simply your neighbor. See past the color of his skin and look solely at the evidence. This man stands before you on trial for the rape of a woman, with nothing but circumstantial evidence against him. The little evidence that was produced does not even point to Tom Robinson. This man stands on trial for a crime that he did not even commit.

I ask you to look back on Mayella Ewell’s testimony. I can see how this testimony is compelling: when a woman proclaims that a man has taken advantage of her it is natural for people to feel for her. But Tom Robinson is not that man. Look back at the bruises found on Mayella’s face and neck, damages caused by someone who hits predominately with their left hand. Now look at Tom Robinson, a man with a disabled left hand that he cannot even use. It is obvious that someone caused great physical harm to Mayella Ewell, but Tom is not that man. Tom is however, a man with great character, a man that took the time out of his day to go help a woman with her chores without even a penny’s pay.

Now, look back to Tom Robinson’s testimony. Tom stated that he was asked by Mayella Ewell to help her complete some tasks on several different occasions. Tom helped her each time. On that day, the day Mayella alleges she was taken advantage of, Tom was just being helpful when he entered the Ewell house. He only entered the house because he was asked to. He had no thoughts in his mind that anything was suspicious. When Mayella kissed him he left as quickly as possible. And yes, you heard me right. Mayella kissed Tom, Tom did not kiss her. Tom, being the respectable man he is, left and did not take advantage of that situation. However, it seems that Mayella has taken advantage of hers. After Tom left, someone hurt Mayella. Rather than take the blame for kissing Tom, Mayella instead manipulated the situation. She knew that most jury’s would not see past the color of Tom’s skin and would immediately convict him, regardless of the evidence. But you are not a jury that will do that. You are a jury that will simply see Tom as a person. You are a jury that will unravel the manipulation of Mayella Ewell.

This trial is coming to a close. The decision of Tom’s fate rests in the hands of you, the jury. Tom is a man with a wife and children, like many of you. Tom works for a living like many of you. Tom is a man who felt “sorry” for a woman and helped her do her chores. How many of you would have let a woman to chop wood by herself? How many of you would have done what Tom did and helped out? The only thing this trial has displayed is that Tom Robinson is a good man. There is no evidence that he took advantage of Mayella Ewell at all. Now I urge you to look at the evidence supplied today and make the right decision regarding this trial and Tom’s fate.

Works Cited:

To Kill a Mockingbird. Dir. Robert Mulligan. By Horton Foote. Perf. Gregory Peck, Mary Badham, and Phillip Alford. Universal-International, 1962. Web. 14 Sept. 2016

Blog Assignment 2: Defending Tom Robinson

Gentlemen of the court, I stand before you with the most humble respect for the law and the role you play in delivering justice upon those who have wronged the community. But that is not why you were called today. Today you were called to the hallowed ground of this courthouse to assuage the guilt of a young woman who in her poverty ridden misery, violated the most sacred law of our community. You were called to hide the true felon behind a cloak of bigotry and hatred.

The state, which so righteously defends Miss Ewell’s honor has yet to provide one piece of evidence which indicates Mr. Robinson committed this crime. They say she was beaten, with fingerprints all about her neck, and her right eye blackened. But esteemed panel, must I point out that this is impossible for Mr. Robinson to have accomplished? It doesn’t take a man of your intelligence to see that a man possessing only one hand could not have so encompassed her neck and covered it in bruises. Furthermore, to have blackened her right eye, the assault must have come from someone swinging from their left arm, which we have proven is impossible for Mr. Robinson to have done with his paralysis. Now don’t mistake me, there is ample evidence that a crime has been committed, but it is nigh indisputable that Mr. Robinson did not commit said travesty.

In 1776, a group of men, not unlike yourselves sat before a table and penned the greatest document to ever grace this country. They wrote that “we hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness” (“Declaration”)[1]. The man which sits before you today deserves the same consideration which would be provided to any other in this courtroom. I entreat you, gentlemen, not to take away Mr. Robison’s unalienable right to Life, and not to forgo his children’s right to Happiness. The only crime committed by the man who sits before you was to do as the Lord commanded, to “love your neighbor as yourself” (“Mark”). So as tenable citizens of this community, and devout servants to the Lord, I pose a question to you on this dark day: do you follow the Lord as Mr. Robinson does, with unwavering kindness and self-sacrifice?[2]

I know you gentlemen, and I understand the desire in your hearts to protect the kind Miss Ewell; but it is clear to everyone in this courtroom today that convicting Mr. Robinson will in no way make her safe. In fact, putting an innocent man to death will only enable her true tormenter to continue his violent transgressions. Today you have the power to show the true criminal that he cannot hide behind the color of his skin.

The law of this court states that “a defendant in a criminal action is presumed to be innocent until he is proved guilty” and “in case of reasonable doubt whether his guilt is satisfactorily shown, he shall be acquitted” (Davis)[3]. I have no doubt that today some of you entered this courtroom with a predisposed opinion on the proceedings. But as rational gentlemen, you, and every soul in this courtroom can clearly see that there is more than reasonable doubt as to Mr. Robinson’s guilt.

I close with this: the factual evidence not only doesn’t indicate Mr. Robinson, it sets him free. The rights of this great country that each one of us holds close to our hearts stand behind him. He has carried the word of God with unwavering piety and belief, and belief in you. He, as we all have, put his faith in your hands to listen as judicious observers, and discern the truth of this ugly matter. Do right by this community, this country, and the Lord.

Works cited:

Davis v. State. Court of Appeals of Ohio. 7 Nov. 1929. Web.

“The Declaration of Independence: A Transcription.” National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives and Records Administration, n.d. Web. 13 Sept. 2016.

“Mark 12:28-31.” Bible Gateway. Bible Gateway, 9 Sept. 2010. Web. 13 Sept. 2016.

[1] All citations are in MLA format and can be found above, under the section entitled “Works cited”.

[2] This argument is operating under the assumption that most, if not all of the southern gentlemen in the court were christian.

[3] The case Davis v. State occurred in 1929, so it is assumed that Atticus could have found the documentation and quoted the regulations it outlined.